The Mojave and Colorado deserts and the Little San Bernardino Mountains converge within California's Joshua Tree National Park. Environmental and community organizations have contested the Eagle Mountain Landfill for 18 years because of the adverse impacts it would have on the national park.
"The Supreme Court's decision not to hear this appeal is great news for all of us who care about Joshua Tree National Park," said David Lamfrom, California Desert Program Manager with the National Parks Conservation Association.
"Joshua Tree, which is celebrating its 75th Anniversary this year, is an American icon," Lamfrom said. "Local communities, regional economies, and more than one million visitors per year all benefit from the wildflower blooms, abundant wildlife, Joshua tree woodlands, and rock formations that have made this national park world famous."
A giant Joshua tree in Joshua Tree National Park (Photo by Evergreengirl)
The Joshua Tree, Yucca brevifolia, is a member of the agave family, used in many ways by native Americans - tough leaves were worked into baskets and sandals, flower buds and raw or roasted seeds were eaten. Joshua trees provide habitat for numerous birds, mammals, insects, and lizards.
"Putting the country's largest landfill next to one of its most revered landscapes is contrary to America's collective work and investment to protect this national park for our shared enjoyment and inspiration," said Lamfrom, "and to ensure that those who follow us can do the same."
Since 1988 when the Kaiser Steel Company came out of bankruptcy, the former steel giant has been focused on redeploying its assets, one of which is Kaiser's former Eagle Mountain iron ore mine, located in the remote eastern Riverside County desert, 150 miles east of the Los Angeles basin on the edge of the national park.
Since 1988, Kaiser and its subsidiary, Mine Reclamation LLC, have been working to transform the former mine into what the company calls "a state-of-the-art, regional rail-haul municipal solid waste landfill that can meet significant demand for new, environmentally superior, solid waste disposal in Southern California."
The idea was to build a regional landfill capable of processing up to 20,000 tons of waste per day for 50 years.
In August 2000, Mine Reclamation reached agreement to sell the Eagle Mountain Landfill to the Los Angeles County Sanitation Districts for $41 million.
Kaiser completed a land exchange with the U.S. Bureau of Land Management for the Eagle Mountain landfill project.
But the initial closing of the sale has been delayed by litigation.
The land exchange was challenged in U.S. District Court by the National Parks Conservation Association, the Center for Community Action and Environmental Justice, the Desert Protection Society and Donna and Lawrence Charpied.
In September 2005, U.S. District Judge Robert Timlin ruled that the land exchange was not properly approved by the federal agency.
Kaiser and MRC took their case to the U.S. 9th Circuit Court of Appeals.
In July 2010, Rick Stoddard, Kaiser's chief executive officer and chairman of Mine Reclamation said, "The landfill will assist Kaiser in helping to maintain the medical benefits of thousands of employees and spouses of the former Kaiser Steel Corporation. Riverside County will receive millions in new revenue to fund public services. The entire region benefits from the hundreds of new, family wage jobs that will be created as well as the provision of tens of millions of dollars to fund the Coachella Valley multi-species habitat conservation plan and for environmental research in Joshua Tree National Park."
On November 10, 2009, the 9th Circuit Court of Appeals issued a final ruling against the land exchange. Kaiser and MRC appealed to the U.S. Supreme Court and it was this appeal the high court decided not to hear, allowing the appeals court decision to stand.
"Depositing 20,000 tons of trash per day next to Joshua Tree National Park will hurt the air quality, water quality, scenery, and natural quiet of the park and its southern gateway communities," said Lamfrom. It would also increase the population of ravens. a major predator of the federally threatened desert tortoise."
The successful environmental groups say the Eagle Mountain Landfill will not be needed. They point to the new Mesquite Regional Landfill in Imperial County, which is scheduled to come online this year and operate for 100 years with a permitted disposal capacity of 20,000 tons per day. Served by rail and truck, Mesquite will have a surplus of waste disposal capacity through at least 2018, the furthest year out in the Los Angeles County projections.
Copyright Environment News Service (ENS) 2011. All rights reserved.